Representation of Single Father in the Movie Fatherhood

  • Cateline Marscha Petra Christian University
  • Fanny Lesmana Petra Christian University
Keywords: Representation, Single Father, Film, Fatherhood, Semiotics


Film is one of the media that is still often used by many people to convey a message and have an impact on a wide audience who enjoy it. One of them is the depiction of a person in a film that gives a message of its impression to the audience. Since the Covid-19 pandemic that entered Indonesia in March 2021, many people have died due to exposure to the virus. Not infrequently, some people have also lost their parents during this pandemic, such as losing their mothers and leaving fathers with their children. The phenomenon of single fathers and their stories of defending their families and raising their children eventually became the main attraction for the audience. At the same time, a film called Fatherhood was released which tells the story of a single father and his daughter. The author conducted this research because it was deemed to describe how a single father faces the problems that surround him. The purpose of this study was to find out the message of the single father representation conveyed in the media of this film. The method used is Roland Barthes' semiotics. Semiotics Roland Barthes will discuss from 3 points of view, namely denotation, connotation, and also myth. In this study, the theory used is about single-parent problems, Roland Barthes' semiotics, and also films. The findings in this study are that every single father will face several problems such as work, child care, economy, and also social pressure.


Alya, R. (2020). Analisis semiotika pesan moral dalam film Parasite (Undergraduates thesis). Retrieved from

"Amanat". (2021). In Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Retrieved from

Andhani, W., & Putri, L. (2017). Representasi peran ibu sebagai single parent dalam film "Sabtu Bersama Bapak" (Analisis semiotika John Fiske dalam film "Sabtu Bersama Bapak"). (pp. 3158-3163). E-Proceeding of Management.

Andylala, M. (2018). Analisis isi pesan moral dan pesan sosial dalam film (studi pada film "Taken 3"). Retrieved from

Ardianto, E. (2007). Komuinikasi Massa Suatu Pengantar. Bandung: Simbosa Rekatama Media.

Bronstein, P., & Cowan, C. (1988). Fatherhood Today Men' Changing Role in The Family. Canada: John Wiley & Sons inc.

Danesi, M. (2010). Pesan Tanda dan Makna: Buku Teks Dasar Mengenai Semiotika dan Teori Komunikasi. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Duvall, E., & Miller, C. (1985). Marriage and Family Development 6th. New York: Harper & Row Publisher.

“Fatherhood”. (2021). In Oxford Learner’s Dictionary. Retrieved from

Febriyani, S., Karimah, K., & Aristi, N. (2012). Dinamika Komunikasi Keluarga Single Mother. Students e-Journal, I, 17. Retrieved from

Fiske, J. (2002). Introduction to communication studies. London: Routledge.

Hakim, L. (2019). Representasi poligami dalam film dokumenter Heaven and Hell: Indonesia over Polygamy. Retrieved from

Hartley, J. (2010). Communication, Culture, and Media Studies: Konsep Kunci. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Ismandianto, & Eugueyne Wulan Sari , F. (2021). Representation of Societal Gap in the Film Parasite. Jurnal Spektrum Komunikasi, 9(1), 78 - 89.

Keluarga. (2021). In Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Retrieved from

Kridalaksana. (1984). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kriyantono, R. (2011). Teknis Praktis Riset Komunikasi. Jakarta: Kencana Praneda Group.

Kusuma, P., & Nurhayati, L. (2016). Analisis semiotika Roland Barthes pada ritual otonan di Bali. Jurnal Manajemen Komunikasi, 195-217.

McQuail, D. (1989). Teori Komunikasi Massa Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Mudjiono, Y. (2020). Kajian Semiotika dalam film. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikaai, 1, 125-138.

Munroe, M. (2008). The fatherhood principle. Bahamas: Bahamas Faith Ministries International.

Nurudin. (2017). Pengantar Komunikasi Massa. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

"Pesan". (2021). In Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Retrieved from

Pratista, H. (2003). Memahami Film. Yogyakarta: Homerian Pustaka.

Qaimi, A. (2003). Single Parent: Peran ganda Ibu dalam mendidik anak. Bogor: Cahaya.

Rio Ferdinand talks of pain and helplessness after wife's death. (2017, March 21). Retrieved from The Guardian Sport:

Santrock, J. (2002). Life-span development (perkembangan masa hidup) Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sholikhah, A. (2016). Problematika dan resiliensi keluarga single parent (studi kasus empat keluarga di desa Sabdodadi Bantul). Retrieved from

Sumarno, M. (1996). Dasar-dasar apresiasi film. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.

How to Cite
Marscha, C., & Lesmana, F. (2022). Representation of Single Father in the Movie Fatherhood. Jurnal Spektrum Komunikasi, 10(2), 138-147.